痴迷恐惧细菌或污垢和强迫率一遍又一遍地洗手是最常见的表现之一强迫症（OCD）。对于患有OCD的人来说，手工洗涤远远超出了清洁度的关注。这是极端的行为，其真实目的是减少强烈的恐惧和焦虑的感受。对细菌和强迫性疾病的关注之间的区别是基于关注的程度影响和破坏 - 甚至占主导地位 - 一个人的生命。
Obsessive-compulsive disorder is an anxiety disorder characterized by unmanageable fears and thoughts that compel repetitive, ritualized behaviors that are performed in an attempt to drive out the obsessive thoughts. OCD sufferers generally believe that their obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors are irrational but feel helpless to resist them. Those with hand-washing compulsions are obsessed with fear of contamination and often wash their hands repeatedly until they are chapped, raw and sometimes even bleeding. They may also ritualize the process, for example, by washing each finger individually and in a specific order. An interruption to the ritual might compel starting over—and over—from the beginning.
患有上面的人担心细菌and dirt will wash their hands very thoroughly and may avoid touching the faucet when turning off the water so as not to re-contaminate their hands. They may also make liberal use of hand sanitizers between washes. They will go about their day, however, without undue distress about cleanliness. For those with OCD, on the other hand, a single washing is never enough. Even after multiple washings, the anxiety associated with fear of contamination will continue to interrupt their thoughts to the point of disrupting their lives—and washing their hands does little to relieve the anxiety.
- After washing your hands, are you still worried that you might have missed a spot or not washed correctly? Even after repeated washing are you still fearful or anxious that your hands aren't clean enough?
- Does your anxiety about contamination and your efforts to alleviate it interfere with your relationships and daily activities?
Answering 'yes' to several of these questions might indicate obsessive-compulsive disorder and warrant a consultation with an experienced psychologist. The disorder is readily可治疗。没有人需要患有由强迫思想和强迫行为引起的焦虑和抑郁症。
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