Worries are a normal feature of human existence. Whether it is an upcoming presentation or a romantic date, we all have our concerns about the future, and in many cases, this type of worry is actually helpful1。For instance, worrying about thatupcoming datemay encourage you to buy a new outfit or clean your place of residence, both of which may help you impress your potential partner. In188体育平台app, though, worrying can be taken to a pathological extreme2。对于这些人来说,担忧通常是侵入性和无法控制的并且可以产生大量的痛苦。因此,研究科学家和临床医生始终在寻找方面,以便轻松实施的形式,可以帮助减轻这种担忧。

Focusing on the Negative

病理担忧的一个方面,对患者特别令人痛苦的是,这些人倾向于认为只有对未来情景的负面结果3。Returning to the romantic date example, an individual with healthy amounts of worry might imagine that their date will think their new outfit is ugly, but they will also i魔法日期可能会发现它有吸引力和时尚。通过这种方式,他们的恐惧是积极的可能性的平衡。然而,具有病理担忧的个体将仅想象否定结果。在这种情况下,个人可以在想象的负面结果上定位,并且未能意识到存在积极的可能性。

正面思想作为治疗担忧的方式?

最近,由伦敦国王学院克莱尔·伊格勒森博士领导的研究人员致力于知道病态担忧是否可以训练,以便将积极的成果培训,以便对其担忧而不是定影消极可能性4。To investigate this question, the researchers recruited individuals with118bet金博宝 (GAD) and trained them to respond to worries by imagining positive outcomes to the situations that spurred their fears. Participants were asked to identify a situation they were currently worried about, imagine how that event could have a positive outcome, and record this positive outcome in a journal. A separate group of participants were asked to simply imagine something positive that was completely unrelated to the initial worry and record this positive imagery in their journal. The researchers then sent participants home with these journals so that they could record themselves practicing.

四周后,参与者回到实验室,他们被评估,看看他们的焦虑是否有所改善。结果表明,平均而言,参与者在研究过程中报告了焦虑相关症状的担忧和经验的显着降低。他们还报告了他们对乐观情绪的增加。有趣的是,想象不相关的积极事件的参与者报告了同样的忧虑和焦虑的改善以及乐观情绪的增加。因此,这种干预似乎在很短的时间内甚至有助于帮助。

What this Means for Treatment

This study is encouraging in that the simple act of imagining positive events, either related to the initial fear or not, served to counteract the negative effects of worry. These findings suggest that simply redirecting worried thoughts to positive imagery of any kind can lead to improvements in the overall experience of anxiety. Crucially, given that even individuals imagining unrelated positive events saw improvements, this work suggests that it might not be necessary to challenge or change the worries themselves. Instead, the simple act of distracting the mind with a positive image may be sufficient. Though further research is needed, this work opens the door to new avenues of treatments that are easy for individuals to implement in any number of situations.


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Sarah Krill Williston, M.Ed., Ph.D.
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Carol S. Lee, Ph.D.
Rachel Roos Pokorney, LCSW

注释

Sources

1. Davey, G. C. (1993). A comparison of three worry questionnaires.行为研究和治疗,31(1),51-56。

2. Chelminski, I., & Zimmerman, M. (2003). Pathological worry in depressed and anxious patients.Journal of Anxiety Disorders,17(5), 533-546.

3. Hirsch, C. R., & Mathews, A. (2012). A cognitive model of pathological worry.行为研究和治疗,50(10), 636-646.

4. EAGLESON,C.,HAYES,S.,Mathews,A.,Perse,G.,&Hirsch,C. R.(2016)。积极思维的力量:通过思想替代在广义焦虑症中的思维造成病理担忧。188比分直播吧篮球行为研究和治疗,78.,13-18。

Date of original publication:

Updated: July 20, 2016