We all know someone like this: free, independent, and strong. Nothing ever seems to bring them out of balance. They're always doing exciting things, traveling to exotic places, living abroad, or indulging in the coolest hobbies. They never seem to need anyone and do not seem be influenced easily by what others might think of them.

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而这些特征似乎是非常积极的,流行的,值得追求,有时候有一个捕捉:有这些特征的人可能会发现很难努力融入浪漫的关系。他们的独立生活方式可能会被称为“避免依恋”的东西。

What Are Attachment Styles?

Attachment has originally been used to describe the bond between infants and their caregivers1. However, it has been shown that attachment style is relatively stable over time - that is, the attachment style a person develops in infanthood could stay with them throughout adulthood.2It has therefore been suggested that attachment style plays a role in adult romantic relationships.3The idea is that early experiences people have about the availability and sensitivity of their caregivers become coded into their psychology and come to be what's known as "attachment working models".1These attachment working models influence people`s thoughts, behaviour, and feelings about themselves and others. So if a caregiver has been available and sensitive to a child`s needs, the child might think of himself as lovable and of others as reliable and trustworthy, and subsequently develop a secure attachment style. However, if this was not the case, the child may develop one of the less positive attachment styles.

Relationships And Avoidant Attachment

Avoidant attachment is characterised by a fear of intimacy and a denial of attachment needs, and has its roots in relatively rejecting and cold caregiving .3,4.People with avoidant attachment characteristics might find it difficult toshow their emotionsopenly to their partner. They might also find it difficult to communicate to their partner that they and their relationship are important to them.

People high in attachment avoidance characteristics use so called "deactivation strategies", such as being emotionally unavailable, and denying that they need the other person.3这可能导致这种关系中的冲突,因为这种关系中的合作伙伴可能觉得避民对他们和关系感兴趣。但是,对于具有避免附件风格的人,这通常是这种情况。

How To Have A Happy Relationship With An Avoidant Individual

Avoidant attachment style has consistently been linked to less positive relationship outcomes .5However, it has also been shown that avoidantly attached people who are in a stable relationship for a longer period of time become more securely attached - that is, they are more able to open up and trust their relationship partner.6

Yet, for this shift in attachment style to happen, avoidantly attached individuals and their partners need to stay in a relationship for a relatively long period of time. So, what can avoidant individuals and their partners do to stay happy and satisfied in their relationships?

1. Accept that people might have different attachment needs

It might be helpful to reflect on bothyour attachment needsand your partner's attachment needs, and accept that they are likely to be different from each other. After all, you are two different individuals, and probably differ in many other aspects as well! A difference in attachment needs (i.e. how close you want to be to each other) might appear more difficult to bear than other differences, as it may seem like an indicator of how much one is loved by their partner. However, remember that our attachment needs may be more indicative of experiences we had in the past, rather than the extent to which we love our partner!

2.承认,逃避型的人可能slower at building trust and opening up in a relationship

Good things need time. People high in attachment avoidance are likely to need longer to build trust and to open up in relationships. Therefore, a slower start into a relationship that allows both partners plenty of autonomy is recommended. Remember that good things come to those who wait.

3. Remember the avoidant individual's need for independence

Avoidantly attached individuals need independence in a relationship. They probably want to continue doing spending time on their hobbies, seeing their friends, and traveling on their own even while they are in a relationship. This does not mean that they do not love their partner! Respecting this need for independence will lead to less conflict in the relationship.

4. Enjoy!

Many avoidant individuals want to enjoy the privilege of being in a romantic relationship and getting to know another person on a very special level. At the same time, the partners of an avoidant individual get to enjoy that they have a fascinating partner who has more interests than "just the romantic relationship". Although a relationship with an avoidant individual may require some extra work and time, with adequate understanding the relationship can flourish and grow like any other.

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Katherine J. Gold, M.D., M.S.W., M.S.
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Abigail Powers Lott, Ph.D.
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Herman R. Lukow II, Ph.D.

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Sources

1Bowlby, J. (1969/ 1982).Attachment and loss: Vol.1. Attachment.New York: Basic Books.

2Fraley, R.C. (2002). Attachment stability from infancy to adulthood: Meta-analysis and dynamic modeling of developmental mechanisms.Personality and Social Psychology Review, 6, 123-151. Doi: 10.1207/S15327957PSPR0602_03

3Mikulincer, M. & Shaver, P.R. (2007). Attachment processes and couple functioning. In M. Mikulincer & P.R. Shaver (Eds.),Attachment in adulthood: structure, dynamics, and change. New York: The Guilford Press.

4Shaver, P.R. & Mikulincer, M. (2002). Attachment-related psychodynamics.Attachment and Human Development, 4, 133-161. Doi: 10.1080/14616730210154171

5Li, T. & Chan, D.K.S. (2012). How anxious and avoidant attachment affects romantic relationship quality differently: A meta-analytic review.European Journal of Social Psychology, 42, 406-419. Doi: 10.1002/ejsp.1842

6Feeney, J. (2008). Adult Romantic Attachment-Developments in the study of couples relationships. In J. Cassidy & P.R. Shaver (Eds.)Handbook of Attachment: Theory, Research, and Clinical Applications.New York: The Guildford Press.

Date of original publication:

Updated: January 13, 2020